Societal Afflictions and Economic Inequity: A Marxist Study of Fountain’s Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk

Mirza Noman Shamas, M. Akbar Khan, Risham Zahra, Nomee Mahmood

  • Mirza Noman Shamas Madr-e-Millat Fatima Jinnah Girls Degree College, Kotla – Pakistan
  • M. Akbar Khan The University of Chenab, Gujrat – Pakistan
  • Risham Zahra The University of Chenab, Gujrat – Pakistan
  • Nomee Mahmood The University of Chenab, Gujrat – Pakistan
Keywords: Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk, Cruelties, Economic inequity, Marxism, Societal afflictions


The world is full of people who are thirsty for others’ blood. They lack soft corners and ethical morals. Under such circumstances, conflict erupts the societies that cause destruction and wreckage. Conflict resolution and the creation of global harmony is the basic need to resolve the issues. Additionally, freedom is the most precious gift given to people. However, some people do not realize this, they remain suffering from various hardships and spend their lives as slaves. This is the era of development and progress; we can see the escalated building and pillars of knowledge all around the world. However, some people are facing cruelties and life-threatening situations. Contrary to this, some people enslaved by force are bestowed with the courage and determination to be free. They sacrifice their most valuable belongings such as children for freedom. This study is the proximal approach explaining such types of devastations in the spotlight of the novel Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk. Keeping in view the Marxist theory, societal afflictions and economic inequity are analyzed and the results depict that being a soldier in an American force is the most damaging phenomenon. The soldiers are betrayed by being given special privileges, however, in return, they have to give up on their own freedom, and they are forced to shed the blood of others.