A Study to Highlight the Factors Affecting Implementation of Planned English Language Learning Outcomes at Secondary Level in Punjab, the Province of Pakistan

Yusra Raees

  • Yusra Raees Punjab Curriculum and Textbook Board, Lahore
Keywords: National Curriculum, Grammar Translation Method, Medium of Instruction, Second Language Acquisition, Mixed Method Approach


This paper highlights the factors creating hindrance to attain intended language learning outcomes in the national curriculum 2006 of Pakistan at secondary level. The data collected from the public, private and semi-government schools using non-probability sampling to investigate learning and teaching practices in classrooms, and its assessment in classrooms as well as in Board Examinations. Mixed method approach was used for the said purpose; questionnaires from 300 students enrolled at Matriculation level and interviews from 15 teachers teaching for at least three years to the selected level. The findings bring forth the fact; due to use of Grammar Translation Method and Urdu as a medium of instruction, the pool of Urdu speakers is increasing though it is the mother tongue of only 8% population. Moreover, assessment system is a tool to test cramming ability of the student rather than language skills. Due to highlighted deficits in language teaching and assessment, English language is considered as boring and difficult subject by the learners.