A Critical Discourse Analysis of Metaphors Used in the Novel, ‘The Kite Runner’ by Hosseini

Rana Batool, Nadeem Haider Bukhari

  • Rana Batool Women University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Keywords: Metaphors, Power Exploitation, Racial Discrimination, Critical Analysis, Conceptual Metaphor Theory


This study is to analyze power, dominance, racial discrimination, and exploitation of power which the novelist Khaled Hosseini has exposed in his novel 'The Kite Runner'. The Kite Runner exposes the socioeconomic conditions in the borderline areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan; reveals the differences between the majority and the minority, and exposes how people differentiate against each other based on physical features and religious beliefs. The Kite Runner also indicates the disparity between American society on the one hand, and the society of the Middle East on the other. Several types of techniques are used to expose dominant ideologies covertly, and metaphor is one of them. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) frameworks presented by Van Dijk are used to reveal the hidden dogmas under the cover of figurative devices and especially metaphors. The metaphors are collected from the novel manually. CMT proved helpful in understanding metaphors. On the other hand, CDA helped to reveal the racial discrimination, human rights violation, and hatred against minorities are brought to light through a detailed analysis of metaphors—in eastern society. It was found that there is very significant in connection with the current scenario, as depicted in the novel, of cross-cultural studies, as it mainly depicts the prevailing social trends
regarding two different settings. The study may be beneficial to intelligentsia who are
interested in post-cold war discourse and diasporas' literature.