Fareeha Azhar Ingroup Vs Outgroup Categorization of Pronouns, Words and Phrases Discourse Analysis of Prime Minister Imran Khan's Speech at the UNGA, 74th SessionIn-group

Fareeha Azhar

  • Fareeha Azhar Gorge August Universität Göttingen - Germany
Keywords: In-group, IDCs, ODCs, Out-group, Presentation, Politicians


In-group positive presentation and out-group negative presentation is one of the key components of almost every political speech. The inclusion of the groups, people, and countries in the in-group and out-group depends on the interests of the politicians. They use the discursive practice to highlight their positive actions and others’ negative actions. The present study has analyzed Prime Minister, Imran Khan’s speech he made at the 74th Session of UNGA in 2019. It aimed to see how he employed pronominal and other linguistic devices to achieve his political targets. The Deictic Space Theory Model was used to analyze the speech. The results reveal that Imran Khan presented the people of Pakistan and Kashmir, Islam, peace, human rights, climate, and poor nations as insiders of the deictic center (IDCs) and India, Western countries, terrorism corrupt politicians as outsiders of the deictic center (ODCs). The excessive use of the first-person pronouns by Imran Khan indicates that he attempted to present himself as a representative not only of the people of Pakistan and Kashmir but also of the poor people of the third world countries. The results of the study are based on the analysis of one speech made at an international forum and may be confirmed by including more speeches made at similar platforms.